Deteksi formalin dan uji organoleptik pada udang Vannamei (Litopenaeus vannamei) di Pasar Tradisionil Kecamatan Sawahan Kota Surabaya

Nahak, Ivonia Maya Paula (2019) Deteksi formalin dan uji organoleptik pada udang Vannamei (Litopenaeus vannamei) di Pasar Tradisionil Kecamatan Sawahan Kota Surabaya. Bachelor (S1) thesis, Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya University.

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Abstract

DETEKSI FORMALIN DAN UJI ORGANOLEPTIK PADA UDANG VANNAMEI (Litopenaeus vannamei) DI PASAR TRADISIONAL KECAMATAN SAWAHAN KOTA SURABAYA IVONIA MAYA PAULA NAHAK ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeteksi kandungan kadar formalin dan kualitas udang vannamei (Litopenaeus vannamei) di pasar tradisional Kecamatan Sawahan Kota Surabaya. Sebanyak 30 sampel diambil dari pasar tradisional yang ada di Kecamatan Sawahan. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik random sampling. Dari 30 sampel yang sudah diperoleh dilakukan pemeriksaan menggunakan test kit dan uji organoleptik yang meliputi warna, aroma dan tekstur. Terdapat 9 sampel udang vannamei yang positif mengandung formalin. Sampel yang positif dikirim ke Balai Besar Laboratorium Kesehatan Surabaya untuk dilakukan uji kuantitatif formalin. Dari hasil pemeriksaan kuantitatif formalin 9 sampel udang vannamei menunjukkan hasil < LoD 0,01 mg/kg. Setelah dilakukan uji Kruskall-Wallis menunjukkan bahwa pada uji organoleptik warna pada udang vannamei terdapat perbedaan yang nyata, pada uji organoleptik aroma udang vannamei tidak terdapat perbedaan nyata, sedangkan pada uji organoleptik tekstur udang vannamei tidak terdapat perbedaan yang nyata. Kualitas udang vannamei (Litopenaeus vannamei) di pasar Banyu Urip dalam segi organoleptik kualitas warna dan tektur lebih baik dibandingkan 5 pasar lainnya. Dalam segi kualitas aroma udang vannamei di pasar Simo lebih baik dibandingkan dengan 5 pasar lainnya. Hal ini menunjukan bahwa kadar udang vannamei yang terdapat di pasar tradisional Kecamatan Sawahan Kota Surabaya masih dalam ambang batas aman masuk ke tubuh dalam bentuk makanan menurut International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS), tetapi dalam SNI 01-0222-1995 dan Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan No 722/1988 udang vannamei yang positif mengandung formalin dinyatakan tidak layak konsumsi. Kata Kunci : Formalin, Uji Organoleptik, Udang Vannamei, Surabaya DETECTION OF FORMALIN AND ORGANOLEPTIC TEST IN VANNAMEI SHRIMP ( Litopenaeus vannamei ) IN THE TRADITIONAL MARKET OF SAWAHAN DISTRICT SURABAYA CITY Ivonia Maya Paula Nahak ABSTRACT The aimed of study to detected the content of formalin and the quality of Vannamei shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) in the traditional market of Sawahan District, Surabaya. A total of 30 samples were taken from traditional markets in Sawahan District. Sampling was done by random sampling technique. 30 samples that have been obtained, an examination using a test kit and organoleptic test includes color, aroma and texture. There were 9 samples of vannamei shrimp that were positive for formalin. A positive sample was sent to the Surabaya Health Laboratory Center for quantitative formalin testing. The results of quantitative formalin examination 9 samples of vannamei shrimp showed results <LoD 0.01 mg/kg. After the Kruskall-Wallis test showed that in the color organoleptic test on vannamei shrimp there were significant differences, in the organoleptic test the vannamei shrimp aroma had no significant difference, while in the organoleptic texture test vannamei shrimp has no significant difference. The quality of vannamei shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) in the Banyu Urip market in terms of organoleptic color quality and texture was better than the other 5 markets. Whereas in terms of aroma quality vannamei shrimp in Simo market was better than the other 5 markets. The levels of vannamei shrimp founded in the traditional markets of Sawahan Sub-district, Surabaya, are still within the safe threshold of entering the body in food according to the International Program on Chemical Safety (IPCS), but in SNI 01-0222-1995 and Minister of Health Regulation No.722/1988 Vannamei shrimp that was positive for formaldehyde was declared not suitable for consumption. Keywords : Formaldehyde, Organoleptic Test, Litopenaeus vannamei, Surabaya

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor (S1))
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kata Kunci : Formalin, Uji Organoleptik, Udang Vannamei, Surabaya Keywords : Formaldehyde, Organoleptic Test, Litopenaeus vannamei, Surabaya
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Vetenary Medicine > Animal Health and Veteriner Public Health Study Program
Depositing User: Ivonia Maya Paula Nahak
Date Deposited: 31 May 2019 06:09
Last Modified: 31 May 2019 06:09
URI: http://erepository.uwks.ac.id/id/eprint/3935

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