Pharmacists’ continuing professional development for non-communicable diseases management: A consensus study

TJANDRA, LUSIANI (2022) Pharmacists’ continuing professional development for non-communicable diseases management: A consensus study. Elsevier Inc. - United States. (Unpublished)

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A B S T R A C T Background: Pharmaceutical care for non-communicable diseases (NCD) in Indonesia needs improvement especially in provinces like Kalimantan Selatan (Kalsel) with increasing NCD prevalence. This research explored possible improvements for Kalsel pharmacists NCD Continuing Professional Development (CPD) programmes. Objectives: The study aims to identify Kalsel pharmacists’ engagement with, experiences of, and expectations for NCD-focused CPD activities, and CPD stakeholders’ views on these expectations. Methods: This sequential mixed-methods study used a quantitative survey to map Kalsel pharmacists’ CPD engagement and preferences. The survey findings, and Kalsel pharmacists’ knowledge and skills in NCD management, were further explored in four geographically-diverse focus group discussions (FGDs). Triangulated findings from the survey and FGDs were presented to pharmacist CPD stakeholders in a modified Nominal Group Technique (NGT) discussion, resulting in a prioritised list of CPD activities and allocation of local leadership for each activity. Results: The survey response rate was 51% (249/490) with fair representation of the geographic spread. CPD sessions were seen as a social event to network with colleagues (34%) and improve knowledge (31%). Major hindrances for participation were work commitments (25%) and travel needs (22%). Most participants (64%), especially the more senior, preferred explicitly interactive CPD formats (adjusted odds ratio 0.94 for each additional year from graduation; 95% confidence interval 0.89–0.99; p = 0.036). The FGDs identified challenges in managing NCD, strengths and gaps in NCD knowledge, and preferences for NCD CPD. The modified NGT produced 12 actions which five major stakeholders agreed to lead. Conclusions: An explicitly interactive NCD CPD programme based on a community of practice model and supported by blended learning is likely to be most effective for pharmacists in the Kalimantan Selatan province of Indonesia. A co-designed multi-stakeholder systems-based approach to CPD programme, as used in this study, is likely to increase the engagement and success of the programme.

Item Type: Other
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Medicine Study Program
Depositing User: Sulimin BP3
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2023 05:19
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2023 05:19

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