Prinsip restorative justice sebagai upaya meminilasasi kejahatan oleh anak berdasarkan undang-undang No. 11 Tahun 2012 dan hambatannya

Ibrahim, Moh. Kesro (2019) Prinsip restorative justice sebagai upaya meminilasasi kejahatan oleh anak berdasarkan undang-undang No. 11 Tahun 2012 dan hambatannya. Masters (S2) thesis, Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya University.

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Abstract

Anak sebagai bagian dari generasi muda merupakan penerus cita-cita perjuangan bangsa dan merupakan sumber daya manusia bagi pembangunan nasional ke depan, sehingga diperlukan langkah-langkah strategis untuk melakukan perlindungan terutama dalam aspek hukum. Kenakalan anak apabila dicermati perkembangan tindak pidana yang akan meresahkan semua pihak khususnya para orang tua. Peneliti menulis dengan judul Prinsip Restorative Justice sebagai upaya meminimalisasi kejahatan oleh anak berdasarkan undang-undang No 11 Tahun 2012 dan hambatanya. Tujuan penulisan adalah untuk menganalisis pengaturan Restorative Justice terhadap upaya meminimalisasi kejahatan oleh anak dan mengenali hambatannya Penulis mengunakan Metode penelitian normatif yang memfokuskan kepada kajian perundang-undangan yang berhubungan dengan penggunaan Restorative Justice dalam penanganan tindak pidana oleh anak. Pendekatan yang digunakan adalah pendekatan perundang-undangan. Pendekatan perundang-undangan dipergunakan untuk meneliti perundang-undangan yang berkenaan dengan penerapan Restorative Justice dalam penanganan tindak pidana oleh anak. Restorative Justice sebagai alternatif penegakan hukum sangatlah efektif dan sesuai dengan tujuan untuk mengurangi tindak pidana anak di Indonesia, dimana telah menitik beratkan pada kepentingan pelaku, korban dan masyarakat, oleh karena itu Restorative Justice dengan upaya diversi sangat sesuai jika diterapkan di Indonesia, karena Restorative Justice sangat memperhatikan budaya dan kesadaran hukum masyarakat. Sesuai dengan esensi yang terkandung dalam tujuan Undang-Undang Pengadilan Anak yaitu "Untuk memberikan perlindungan kepada anak dan menjamin kesejahteraan anak, berkonflik dengan hukum". Hambatan Restorative Justice saat ini belum bisa berhasil maksimal karena masih ada pemidanaan berupa penjara/ kurungan terhadap tindak pidana oleh anak. Restorative Justice masih kurang sepenuhnya efisien dan menyeluruh dalam menyelamatkan para generasi muda dan anak bangsa. Children as part of the young generation is the successor of the ideals of the struggle of the nation and is a human resource for national development in the future, so it takes strategic measures to protect both in terms of law and education as well as other related areas. Delinquency of children when observed the development of crime committed by children during this time, both from the quality and modus operandi is done, sometimes acts of violation by the child is troubling all parties, especially the parents. because the increased behavior of violence perpetrated by children as if not directly proportional to the perpetrator's age. Departing from these concerns, I as the author will examine the Restorative Justice arrangements against efforts to minimize crime by children under law No. 11 of 2012 and How are Restorative Justice restrictions as child prevention efforts. The purpose of my writing is first to analyze the Restorative Justice's regulation of efforts to minimize crime by children. Second to analyze the various obstacles in Restorative Justice's regulation of efforts to minimize crime by children. I use normative research methods that focus on the review of legislation relating to the use of Restorative Justice in the handling of criminal acts by children. The approach used is the statutory approach (Statute Approach). The Statute Approach is used to examine legislation pertaining to the application of Restorative Justice in the handling of criminal acts by children. Restorative Justice as an alternative to law enforcement is very effective and in line with the objective of reducing child crime in Indonesia, which has emphasized the interests of perpetrators, victims and society, and not against the State. Therefore Restorative Justice is very appropriate if applied in Indonesia, because Restorative Justice is very concerned about the culture and legal awareness of the community. In accordance with the essence contained in the purpose of the Juvenile Justice Act is "To provide protection to children and ensure the welfare of children, even though he is in conflict with the law". Restrictions on the effectiveness of Restorative Justice are currently unable to succeed because there is still punishment in the form of imprisonment / jail on child crime. Restorative Justice is still less fully efficient and thorough in saving the younger generation and nation's children.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters (S2))
Uncontrolled Keywords: Perlindungan Anak, Restorative Justice, Undang-Undang No 11 Tahun 2012, Pidana, Save Children, Restorative Justice, Law No. 11 Year 2012, Criminal
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Law > Master in Law Sciences Study Program
Depositing User: djupri -
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2019 04:25
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2019 04:25
URI: http://erepository.uwks.ac.id/id/eprint/4837

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